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Anorexia Nervosa is caused by a combination of genetic/biological issues, environmental stress and various psychological problems – especially anxiety disorders. Anorexia is an extremely complex problem and the most life-threatening of all psychiatric disorders. The onset is typically around or just after puberty, although anorexia can also start as early as age 8 to 10 and as late a middle-age.
Individuals with anorexia starve themselves to the point of emaciation, significantly compromising their health. All other aspects of their lives are extensively impaired including relationships, schooling and career, normal daily activities and the ability to enjoy life.
Many factors contribute to the onset of anorexia. Researchers estimate the influence of genetic factors in anorexia to be between 33 to 84%. Whether this disorder presents in a child, adolescent, or woman, dealing with anorexia is extremely difficult for the individual and her family. The idea of anyone literally starving themselves up to the point of death makes no sense friends and family. Sometimes it doesn’t even make sense to the anorexic individual; she just knows that she is overwhelmed with feelings of guilt and fear when she eats.
Although typically not the initial cause of the anorexia, this disorder can begin to serve a very real function in the life of the girl or woman who struggles with it. Perhaps it helps her to numb painful emotions she would rather not feel, or maybe it allows her to feel a sense of control in a life that is otherwise chaotic and out of control. Regardless of function, prolonged anorexia can destroy, or even end her life.
Anorexia typically does not resolve on its own; professional care is usually required. After the initial onset of the disorder outpatient treatment is typically the first approach. This treatment may involve a team of providers, such as a therapist/family therapist, registered dietitian, and physician/psychiatrist. Professionals who are experienced and skilled in the assessment and treatment of eating disorders can develop a comprehensive outpatient treatment plan or, based upon their assessments, may recommend a higher level of care. If the eating disorder does not respond to outpatient treatment and/or if outpatient treatment reaches an impasse, inpatient or residential treatment would likely be indicated.
We have treated anorexia for more than 20 years. We know recovery from an eating disorder is absolutely possible. It's happening every day at Remuda Ranch. Based on feedback from patients, families and professionals, the vast majority of our patients remain committed to a life of health, balance and purpose.
For additional information about the treatment of eating disorders, please call to speak to a Counselor at 866-390-5100 or complete a Take the Next Step form and we will contact you with the information you need.